Apa itu onkovirus? Mungkin istilah onkovirus belum familiar di masyarakat luas. Namun semua pasti pernah mendengar istilah kanker dan virus, dua istilah yg menjadi momok dalam dunia kesehatan. Kanker adalah penyakit genetik yang menyebabkan pertumbuhan sel yang tidak terkendali, dapat menyerang dan menyebar ke seluruh bagian tubuh. Virus adalah agen infeksius yang sulit dieradikasi bahkan banyak yang belum ada antivirusnya serta dapat menyebar dan menular. Sedangkan onkovirus itu sendiri adalah virus yang dapat menyebabkan kanker. Penderita kanker dapat mengalami penurunan kesehatan yang parah bahkan kematian.
Kanker menduduki urutan kedua sebagai penyebab kematian di dunia setelah kardiovaskular. Berdasarkan laporan WHO pada tahun 2008 diperkirakan terjadi 12,7 juta kasus kanker dengan 15.7% disebabkan oleh infeksi. Sejumlah 80% dari kasus kankerinfeksi tersebut terjadi di negara berkembang.
The CalBsyn gene was previously constructed synthetically to encode Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB). Lipase from CalBsyn gene is slightly different from that of wild type CALB (CALB-wt) where it has three amino acids substitutions at different positions, i.e. V210I, A281E, and V221D, to improve enzyme’s thermostability and catalytic efficiency. The CalBsyn gene was isolated from pJ912-CalBsyn vector by digestion using XhoI restriction enzyme. The CalBsyn gene then was ligated to pGAPZα expression vector and transformed into E. coli TOP10F’ in order to obtain recombinant vector pGAPZα-CalBsyn. The result showed that pGAPZα-CalBsyn recombinant vector was successfully transformed into E. coli TOP10F’ with transformation efficiency of 4.11 x 103 cfu/µg plasmid DNA. The pGAPZα-CalBsyn recombinant plasmid was successfully introduced into Pichia pastoris SMD1168H using electroporation method with transformation efficiency of 1.01 x 102 cfu/µg DNA. Qualitative lipase activity assays showed that transformed P. pastoris secreted recombinant lipase (CALB) and has lipolytic activity; while quantitative lipase activity assays showed that the lipase activity was 63.5 Units/ml in 48 hours. Analysis using SDS-PAGE showed that CALB protein was expressed successfully and the recombinant protein’s molecular size was approximately 45 kDa.
The marine bacteria were cultured in liquid medium under shaking condition were extracted with ethyl acetate. Antidiabetes was measured using inhibition of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity method; antioxidant was measured using DPPH free radical scavenging activity method; antibacterial was tested using disc diffusion method.S creening results showed that at sample concentration of 200 µg/ml, there was significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was detected in the extracts of strain sp 7.9 (84% inhibition) and 8.10 (75% inhibition),however the antioxidant activity of these two strains were low only around 30% inhibition, antioxidant activities of other strains were very low.Screening for antibacterial activities using 10µl samples showed that extract of strain Sp 8.5was best for Staphylococcusaureus (14 mm inhibition); Sp 7.9 and Sp 8.5 for Bacillus subtilis (18 mm inhibition); Sp 8.10 for Escherichia coli (10 mm inhibition); Sp 8.9 and Sp 8.10 for Pseudomonas aeuriginosa. Based on these results marine bacteria strain Sp 7.9 and Sp 8.10 were selected to be used for further studies in the isolation of bioactive that has potential as antidiabetes and antibacterial.Results of molecular identification conducted by INACC showed that identity of both strain based on BLAST Homology using NCBI database were Bacillus thuringiensis strain Ou2.