Terestrial fungi are of great importance as potential sources of pharmaceutical agent. Aspergillus aculeatus,a fungus isolated from soil sample collected in Indonesia, was cultured in liquid media to investigate a novel compound as inhibitor α-glucosidase. The mycelium extract of A. aculeatus shows potential activity against Saccharomyces cereviseae α-glucosidase and mild activity against mammalian α-glucosidase with IC50 values of 9.57 µg/mL and 470.76 mg/mL, respectively. Enzyme assay-guided fractionation of this extract afforded rubrofusarin (1). Rubrofusarin, a linear naphtho-γ-pyrone, is a natural pigment from Aspergillus sp. Interestingly, compound 1 shows potential inhibitory activity against mammalian α-glucosidase (IC50 of 92.7 µg/mL), but no to S.cereviseae α-glucosidase. The results suggest that A. aculeatus is a promising natural source as a lead compound in the discovery of antidiabetic drug.
The flavone glycoside was isolated from ethyl acetate fraction of ethanol extract of leaves Pterocarpus indicus Willd. The isolation was conducted by gravitation column chromatography and eluted successively with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol by gradient, and purified by sephadex-LH20. The structure was elucidated base on spectroscopy data of NMR (1D and 2D), UV, LC-MS and FT-IR. Antioxidant was evaluated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging. The isolation and identification led a stigmasterol as Compound 1 and a new flavonol-glycoside [(2R)-7-hydroxy-3-(3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yloxy)-2-(3,4,5-trihydroxy phe nyl)chroman-4-one] or ptevon-3-D- glycoside as Compound 2. Antioxidant activity of Compound 2 showed IC50 for 18.53 mmol and blank of quercetin was 7.94 mmol and Vitamin C was 40.25 mmol. These compounds and antioxidant activities are the first time reported from this plant.
Sandalwood (Santalum album), which belongs to Santalaceae family, is a commercially important tree in Indonesia due to its many application. However,its population has significantly depleted since the planting materials using conventional methods are difficult to be provided. This study was conducted to mass propagate sandalwood using in vitro methods through friable embryogenic callus (FEC). The somatic embryos were formed using leaves cultured in MS +0.5 mg/l +1 mg/l indole acetic acid (IAA), and MS +1 mg/l IAA + 0.2 mg/l kinetin as well as 0.5 MS+1 mg/l Gibberellic acid (GA3). Primary somatic embryos (PSE) and secondary somatic embryos (SSE) then formed friable embryogenic callus when they were repetitively transferred to MS +1.5 mg/l BAP + 1.2 mg/l kinetin every 3 weeks. The maturation and regeneration of FEC was best done in the MS +1.5 mg/l BAP + 1.2 mg/l kinetin for 4-8 weeks. The acclimatization of sandalwood plantlets can be best conducted in the medium containing soil, sand and compos in ratio of 1:1:1 with the companion plant Murraya paniculata, which gave the best percentage of survival rate and the lowest percentage of falling leaves.
- Expression of no Affinity Tagged Recombinant Human Interferon Alpha-2a in Methilotropic Yeast Pichia pastoris
- Antiplasmodial activity of methanol extract and pure isolated compound of Calophyllum bicolor P. F. Steven
- Characterization of Phytase, Amylase and Cellulase by Aspergillus niger, Neurospora crassa and Rhizophus oryzae on Sargassum and Rice bran under Solid State Fermentation