Optimization of Substrate and Starter Cell Concentrations for Dibenzothiopene Biodegradation by Indigeneous Marine Bacteria Mauricauda olearia LBF-1- 0009, Alcanivorax xenomutants LBF-1-0018, and Stakelama pacifica LBF-1- 0031
Elvi Yetti, Ahmad Thontowi, and Yopi
Annales Bogorienses Vol. 21, No. 2: 38-44
Dibenzothiophene (DBT) and its derivatives are widely used-model of organic sulfur compounds for the biodegradation process of petroleum oil. The abilities of microorganisms to degrade pollutants are significantly influenced by various factors such as microbial species, nutrients and environmental parameters. In this research, we conducted a follow-up study to determine the optimum conditions of two parameters affecting DBT biodegradation, namely substrate and starter cell concentrations. Three indigenous marine bacteria isolated from Indonesia’s sea environments potentially degrading DBT were examined. The isolates are belong to Mauricauda olearia strain CL-SS4 (99%), Alcanivorax xenomutants strain JC109 (99%), and Stakelama pacifica strain JLT832 (99%). The optimum DBT concentrations act as the growth substrate for all three isolates was 100 ppm, while the optimum cell concentrations for starter inocula was 20 of OD600 nm conversion units.
Keywords: optimization, substrate concentration, starter cell concentration, dibenzothiophene biodegradation, marine bacteria
Disusun oleh: Ludya AB/Pustakawan